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Exodus study guide

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Preparation Participants should read the following portions prior to the study session.
Exodus 12: The Passover
Exodus 13:17 - 14 Parting the Red Sea
Exodus 20: The Ten Commandments - the originals
Exodus 32: The Golden Calf
Exodus 34: The Ten Commandments - the second set
Orientation Exodus is book #2 of 39 in the Old Testament. It is considered a book of Law. For more information see the Bible Overview page.
Synopsis Jacob moves his family to Egypt to escape a famine. Over the years they grow so much the Egyptians fear they will take over, and so turns them into slaves, and puts them to work making bricks for his construction projects. They ask God to free them from slavery, and God sends Moses to do that. After Egypt gets 10 plagues, God parts the Red Sea to allow them to get out of Egypt. Moses receives the Ten Commandments, and an elaborate Tabernacle is built to contain them.
Major Characters Pharaoh, who enslaves the Israelites (1:11)
Moses, who leads the Israelites out of Egypt ( 2:10 )
Aaron, brother of Moses, and builder of the golden calf (4:14)
Major Events Infant Moses found in a basket (Ch.2)
Moses sees the burning bush (Ch. 3)
Ten plagues (Ch. 7-11)
Angel of Death visits Egypt - the Passover (Ch. 12)
The Exodus - Moses parts the Red Sea (Ch. 13-14)
Moses receives the Ten Commandments - twice (Ch. 20, 31, 32, 34)
Aaron makes the golden calf (Ch. 32)
Building the Ark of the Covenant (Ch. 25-31)
Activities 1. List the escalation of troubles God places on Pharaoh
2. List and discuss the Ten Commandments.
Discussion points Exodus 20:6 brings up the concept of "inheriting" punishment from the sins of previous generations. This topic comes up again, but differently, in Ezekiel 18:18 and John 9:1. Are these verses contradictions?
Connections 1. The Ten Commandments will be explained in great detail in Deuteronomy 5.
2. The Israelites will reach the promised land in Joshua.
3. The Israelites will celebrate the Exodus in song, in Psalms 78, 105, 106, 136.
4. Jesus answers questions about the Ten Commandments in Matthew 22:34.
5. The New Testament will show Jesus as the Passover Lamb, whose blood saves us from spiritual death, in John 1:29 and 1 Corinthians 5:1-8.

Revised Mar 6 2013

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