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Luke study guide

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Preparation Prior to the study session, participants should read Luke 1 and 2, the preparation and birth of Jesus.
Orientation Luke is book #3 of 27 in the New Testament, and the third of four gospels. Luke also wrote the book of Acts as a sequel to this book. For more information see the Bible Overview page.

Synopsis The main message of Luke is that Jesus is a savior.

The angel Gabriel makes dramatic appearances (1:26) to tell of two imminent events: the coming births of John the Baptist, and then his cousin, Jesus. The boy Jesus amazes people worshiping in the temple with his knowledge (2:41). John begins his ministry of baptism (3:3), and baptizes Jesus (3:21); who is immediately tested in the desert by Satan (4:1). Jesus then begins his own ministry - sometimes controversial, which gets him run out of town (4:28).

Jesus begins healing (4:38), calls disciples (5:1), winding up with twelve (6:12). He performs miracles, teaches using parables, and sends out the twelve to minister also (9:1), followed by 72 more (10:1).

As resistance mounts from the Jewish leaders, Jesus shares the Last Supper with his disciples (22:7). He is arrested (22:47), tried, and crucified (23:46). He arises after three days in the tomb (24:1) and meets up with some of his disciples on the road to Emmaus (24:13) and then ascends to Heaven (24:50).

Activity Luke is the most famous account of the Christmas story. Here is a table of prohecies relating to Christ's birth. Look up the prophecies and compare them to the fulfillments.

Event Prophecy Fulfillment
a ruler will come from Bethlehem Micah 5:2 Luke 2:4
angel foretells the birth Luke 1:31 Luke 2:6
a Messiah will be born Isaiah 9:6 Luke 2:11
He is coming ... and will live among you Zechariah 2:10 Luke 2:40
a messenger will prepare the way Malachi 3:1 Luke 3:1-18
a descendant of Jesse ... the spirit of the Lord will rest on him Isaiah 11:1 Luke 3:32 and 3:21
a king comes to you ... riding on a donkey Zechariah 9:9 Luke 19:35
Connections The Matthew study focused on the parables of Jesus. The Mark study focused on the miracles of Jesus. This study focuses on Jesus' birth. In coming sessions, The John study will focus on other events (besides birth, parables and miracles) contained in the gospels.

For source citations see the home page. Revised April 9 2014

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